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Archive for the ‘China’ Category

BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) Leaders

The BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) represent over 40 per cent of the world’s population and the leaders of the five countries discussed ways to enhance intra-BRICS trade and review the situation in the region.

Addressing the 4th BRICS Summit in New Delhi on 29 March 12, Thursday,  India Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said that the grouping has agreed to examine in “greater detail” a proposal to set up a South-South development bank, funded and managed by BRICS and other developing countries.

The Summit has been attended by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef, Chinese president Hu Jintao, South African president Jacob Zuma and Russian president Dmitry Medvedev besides Dr. Singh.

Dr. Singh said “We must avoid political disruptions that create volatilities in global energy markets and affect trade flow… We must ensure policy coordination to revive economic growth.  On UNSC reforms, Dr. Singh suggested that BRICS countries should speak in one voice on issues such as reforms of the international body. He also said in their restricted session, the grouping also discussed the ongoing turmoil in West Asia and agreed to work together for a peaceful resolution of the crisis.

Touching upon the issue of terrorism, Dr. Singh said the countries should enhance cooperation against terrorism and other developing threats such as piracy, particularly emanating from Somalia”.

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Who is Bodhidharma?

The evolution of Asian martial arts as they are known today is thought to have originated around 500 A.D., when an Indian Buddhist monk named Bodhidharma arrived in China. Legend has it that he taught Indian fighting exercises to the Chinese monks in order to improve their physical condition. All kung-fu is thought to have evolved from this beginning, and from kung-fu came karate.

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Bodhidharma was born around the year 440 in Kanchipuram, near Madras the capital of the southern Indian kingdom of Pallava. He was the third son of King Simhavarman. When he was young he was converted to Buddhism and later received instruction in the Dharma from Prajnatara, whom his father had invited from the ancient Buddhist heartland of Magadha. Prajnatara was a master in the Dhyana school of Buddhism which was later transliterated to Ch’an in Chinese, Zen in Japanese and Son in Korean. His teacher, Prajnatara, changed the boy’s name from Bodhitara to Bodhidharma. Following his father’s death,  Bodhidharma served Prajnatara for many years spreading Buddhism. Upon Prajnatara’s death Bodhidharma left his monastery in India to follow his master’s last wish that he go to China and spread the teaching.

Bodhidharma crossing the Yanstze Rover on a reed

Bodhidharma arrived in China about 475, traveled around for a few years and finally settled at Shaolin temple. Mainstream Buddhist tradition holds that Bodhidharma arrived in China in 520, although there are historical indications that he may have arrived in 470, or even as early as 420. There is no agreement as to the route he traveled or where he arrived first. Some say he traveled by sea, “risking his life over the towering waves,” from Madras in southern India to Guangzhou and then by land to Nanjing. Other scholars believe that he walked a well-beaten trail over the Pamir Plateau, across the desert and along the Yellow River to Luoyang, the provincial capital and center of Chinese Buddhist culture. In any case, the journey from India is agreed to have been long and dangerous.

In 527 AD crossed through Guangdong province into China. In China, he was known as Da Mo. Bodhidharma was honored as the first Patriarch of Chan Buddhism and Shaolin Temple renowned as the origin of Chan Buddhism.

Bodhidharma (also known as Taishi Daruma in Japan) eventually became revered as the founder of Zen Buddhism. Whether his legends hold an element of truth, or are the products of later Zen scholars attempting to flesh out a believable patriarch, he remains today a prime symbol of the will-power, determination and self-discipline that are essential to success in the martial arts. Following his example, the modern martial artist strives to “endure what is most difficult to do, and practice what is most difficult to practice.” Bodhidharma’s example of the Master-student relationship for teaching the way to enlightenment also endures today throughout the martial arts. Consequently, through the hard evidence for his existence and his martial arts contributions is entirely lacking, he is still widely and beneficially accepted as the Father of the Asian Martial Arts.

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India, China sign six pacts

India, China agree to raise bilateral trade to USD 100 billion

Wen Touts China-India Ties

Space for both China and India to grow

Chinese premier calls for enhanced cooperation, trade with India

Wen: Sino-Indian relations important to world peace, development

Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao hailed India as a “great neighbor” and expressed confidence that the two countries would reach “important strategic consensus” during the visit and take bilateral ties to an “even higher level“.

“I hope that my visit will help increase our cooperation in wide-range of fields and raise our friendship and cooperation to an even higher level,” Jiabao told reporters after being accorded a ceremonial welcome at the forecourt of the Rashtrapati Bhawan here.

With Prime Minister Manmohan Singh by his side, Wen said that China and India now faced good opportunities to expand cooperation and pursue common development goals.

“I have the confidence that with the joint efforts of the Prime Minister and I, we will be able to reach important strategic consensus during the visit and the visit will yield important outcomes,” he said speaking through an interpreter.

On his second visit here in five years, the 68-year-old Wen said he would have “in-depth exchange of views and strategic communications” with Singh and other Indian leaders with the purpose of deepening friendship, expanding practical cooperation and increasing people-to-people exchanges.

“I believe with our joint efforts through the visit, we will be able to raise our cooperation and friendship to a higher level in the new century,” he said.

Terming India as a “great neighbor”, Wen said the two countries have time-honored tradition of friendship.

“Entering the new century, the two countries have established strategic and cooperative partnership for peace and prosperity,” he said.

Noting that this year marked the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and India, he said the two countries “now face good opportunities to expand cooperation and pursue common development” (goals).

Finally, I would like to extend through you journalists, cordial greetings and best wishes from the Chinese people to the people of India,” Wen said.

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